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Vandergrift, PA           Raymond Residence
305 Linden Street
    
          305 Linden Street--Vandergrift, PA
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305 Linden Street--Vandergrift, PA
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View out the back yard to the wheat field
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View out the back toward garage
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History
Founded in 1895, Vandergrift was the first successful planned industrial town designed to be sold to its workers. George McMurtry, president of the Apollo Iron & Steel Co., Apollo, PA., needed to expand his successful galvanized steel operations. Beset with labor problems and unable to acquire additional land, he selected a 650-acre farm site a few miles downstream on the Kiskimenetas River, some forty miles from Pittsburgh. He than approached the designer of the 1893 Chicago World's Fair, Frederick Law Olmsted, to design a town that would be "something better than the best." The result was Vandergrift, (named for Capt. J.J. Vandergrift, a director of the steel company).




Curving Streets
Vandergrift is a town with gently curving streets that follow the natural slope of the hills. Everything was made ready in advance: The steel mill was built. The streets were graded, utilities were installed (including water, natural gas, electric lines, and sewer lines). Streets and sidewalks were paved, trees were planted, and street lights were erected. Finally, free lots and half the cost of construction were offered to the churches. Then, when everything was in readiness, the building lots were offered for sale to the workers so that they could build their own homes. In 1895, this was a unique idea in America—that a company would build a town entirely in advance and then turn over its control to the workers.





Success and Accolades
The town's success came swiftly. Soon the mill became the world's largest rolling mill, hundreds of private homes were built, the population swelled to 11,000, and a delegation from the British Parliament came to study its success. In 1904, when a model of the town was displayed at the St. Louis World's Fair, the town's design won two gold medals.

In 1915, Vandergrift merged with Vandergrift Heights, and in 1957, West Vandergrift was annexed. In 1988, the steel mill was purchased by Allegheny Ludlum Corporation, specialty steel makers, and is a "state of the art" mill today. Nearly a century after its founding, the town remains eighty to ninety percent intact, its Queen Ann & Victorian homes are architectural treasures ideal for restoration, its awareness of its unique heritage growing, and its outlook for the second century optimistic. The town is now listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

(This information came from the Vandergrift Public Library)



More photos:
Vandergrift Casino Theatre
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curving streets
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Steel Mill
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aerial view
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For more information:
  • George McMurtry & Frederick Law Olmsted

  • Ann Mosher—author of "'Something Better than the Best': Industrial Restructuring, George McMurtry and the Creation of the Model Industrial Town of Vandergrift, Pennsylvania, 1883-1901" (off-site)

  • History of Westmoreland County    (off-site)



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    Last updated: Saturday October 25, 2003
    Comments? Email Michael Raymond.